Sometimes adults without mental capacity to protect themselves may need to have their freedom restricted to keep them safe, for example where someone with dementia in a care home is prevented from wandering out of the building by the use of a keypad on the door that they are unable to operate. This is known as a deprivation of the person’s liberty.
Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DoLS) apply to people who have a mental disorder or mental impairments and who do not have the mental capacity to decide whether or not they should be accommodated in the relevant care home or hospital to be given care or treatment. This can also apply to those living in Independent Supported Living, Shared Lives scheme or in their own homes (authorised by the Court of Protection).
DoLS Practice Guidance